Every now and then I have to remind myself of some basics in delivering speech therapy to kids. In articulation therapy, I hear the voice and sage advice of Pam Marshalla that carryover starts in the early sessions of therapy which includes making sure the child you’re working with knows their goals. Seems simple, doesn’t it? Try asking all the kids on your caseload today if they know what they are working on! It is surprising.
Yesterday I was working with a second grader on articulation. We had worked last year on /s/ so are doing some carryover but have been focusing on /l/ and /th/the past few weeks. He even gets speech therapy in the schools so you would think he was well aware of what sounds he is working on. I asked him and he struggled to get beyond the /s/. That will be my first question as we start our therapy sessions from now on.
How can a child be aware and practice his error sounds outside of the speech session if he isn’t thinking about what to correct?
It is so important to have a good relationship with a client’s classroom teacher, especially if they have word-finding difficulties. The classroom curriculum vocabulary words are his world during the school day and we need to make sure the child is familiar with them and can easily call them up when needed.
I have worked with a range of classroom teachers, most of whom have been incredibly helpful. Recently a first grade teacher gave me a wonderful hand written list of words in their language arts curriculum for me to pre-teach. I so appreciate this and know that it takes extra time on her part. As we were going through the words, defining them, talking about them in context, and making up sentences with them we came to “ripple.” This is where our lesson plan took off in a new direction! As I was trying to define “ripple” for him, I searched the word on my iPhone and hit “images.” We started looking at varied but beautiful images of ripples in water as different numbers of rocks were thrown in the water, with different lighting, stages of the process and different settings. After we defined the word, we described the photographs and then compared how the current picture was different from the last. All of these activities were strengthening his vocabulary, descriptive and comparative skills and confidence in using language. It was such fun to watch his mind work as he got excited about seeing the next image, “He had a leaf and dipped it in the water,” or “That one’s my favorite because it looks like another dimension in the water!” Phew, that was quite a sentence from a guy who used to have some difficulty describing things. “That looks like a sculpture, just painted blue.” You get the idea, he was enjoying being a little abstract all because we happened upon some beautiful photographs of “ripples!”
I recently had a preschool child referred to me for articulation and possible hypernasality issues. Mom was actually spot on in our initial phone conversation, telling me what sounds were misarticulated and of those, which ones were compromised by nasal emission. I was preparing for the evaluation and came upon a very helpful outline for my testing, “Resonance Disorders and Nasal Emissions, Evaluation and Treatment Using ‘Low Tech’ and ‘No Tech’ Treatments,” in ASHA LEADER magazine. I printed out the content on evaluation and used it to record the child’s responses.
I quickly learned that his hypernasality was not due to velopharyngeal incompetence (VPI) or insufficiency (since he produced high pressure consonants and vowels with no nasality) but was rather “velopharyngeal mislearning when there is hypernasality or nasal emission due to faulty articulation. This can occur due to pharyngeal or nasal articulation of certain sounds. Abnormal articulation can cause phoneme-specific nasal emission, usually on sibilant sounds.” He matched that as he made his /s, f, th/ with nasal emission. I had brought straws and a mirror to detect any nasal emission but they weren’t needed as he repeated an /s/ in isolation, closed his lips tight and blew air out his nose.
The article for ASHA LEADER is also good for taking quotes to give to parents to explain their child’s resonance pattern and the why behind it.
This lovely book celebrates all shapes and sizes of feelings–full of giggles and wiggles like a magical hat, bright and shiny like a big yellow star or lazy and slow like a floating balloon. Each page opens to a smaller cut-out heart inside the clever illustration demonstrating silly, happy or calm. What a wonderful reference for kids and parents to use to explain feelings associated with the day’s experiences. “On harder days, mean words hurt my feelings,and my heart feels hurt too. It’s fragile and delicate…” When kids are upset, they have trouble expressing themselves at the language level they are capable of. A book like this will help bridge that gap and get an important conversation started. For kids with language delay, this book can help give them the visual tools to describe and talk about situations and their corresponding feelings of the heart. Yesterday I was with a terrific first grade teacher who uses great picture books like this to read to her class and then she pulls out a topic from the story–bullying, should you be a friend with someone that isn’t liked by another friend? and pairs off the kids to “debate” the subject. I love that concept. You can do the same with a lively discussion with your child at home.
Available at Amazon: Click here
I have enjoyed using the free counting app, TxTools, in articulation therapy this week. It is especially effective with 5-8 year-old boys, HA! A little competitive I guess. We are at the reading level with a second grader working on /s/ so I got out my lego books and he started to read. I would tap the “right” and “wrong” buttons for each /s/ he produced. He would read a few lines and then check to see if his percentage went up or down. It
was very motivating and he enjoyed it for almost an hour. Whenever we can get an activity that kids love to do, while working on their goals, we have a hit.
As an itinerant therapist, I work in homes and often arrive after school so I see what comes home in the backpack. I’m amazed at the amount of homework young kids are expected to do–math, writing, reading, whew! That’s why I was excited to hear about this “assignment” for a first grader.
Kids were asked to “disguise a turkey.” My little friend and her dad discussed what she wanted to do and went off to Michaels to get some foam board in three colors. He stepped back (as parents should do) and she went to work at her art table. She was having so much fun covering up her turkey with a fox’s coat, pointy ears and a speech bubble that when her brother said, “Sister is doing her homework” she replied, “No, this is fun.” Her teacher got it right.
I’m getting lots of inquiries lately about what to get kids and grandkids for the holidays. After this week’s interview on NBC CT, I am getting calls about where to get those products too. I wanted to share a brand new product that I am really excited about, Build and Imagine’s magnetic building sets that inspire storytelling. They just came out with three sets that can be combined or played with individually, “Malia’s Beach House,” “Marine Rescue Center” and “Day at the Beach.” Yesterday I played for a full hour with a 4 year-old designing and modifying her house and story while adding the 40 magnetic accessories to the two dolls and 16 StoryWall panels.
Malia’s Beach House always evolving
Kids can easily snap the panels together and quickly learned to brace the panel as they pressed the accessories onto them. Our story took the two figures, Malia and Skyler, to the beach, pool, school, garden and bed as we adorned many of the StoryWalls. We loaded up the dolls with the camera, cell phone, and backpack to go off to school and then grabbed the beach bag, sunglasses, hat and dog to visit the beach. The story continued to evolve and change as the house and accessories did. What fun to watch a child’s imagination and creativity be displayed through construction. “This is where my school things go,” my friend declared as she attached the magnetic backpack, flowers (I guess they were for the teacher), microphone and cell phone to a panel. Sounds like a lively class!
This toy does just what we want it to–be flexible enough to generate different directions of play and storytelling but let the child lead the play to gain the most learning. A perfect intersection of engineering and language learning, Build and Imagine builds skills while constructing.
For my full review click here.
I’m excited to share some of my 2014 “Top 10 PAL Award Picks” today on a segment on NBC CT TV with Keri-Lee Mayland. I wanted to get my list up so those who watch will have all the details of these outstanding language learning products. Click on the company to read my reviews and see where to purchase the product:
Disney Palace Pets Royal Pet Salon by Wonder Forge (3 and up, $20.00)
- Little girls love choosing their pets
- Spin to move through the 7 rooms, sudsy spa, tiara fitting, hair styling and collect cards
- Find where that object is located, hair brush, kleenex or nail polish
- Learn vocabulary within categories, great pretend play
Cook’n Serve Kitchen by Hape (3 and up, $150) accessories are sold separately.
- Little chefs can pull this kitchen on wheels to any spot and start cooking
- Reminds me of popular food trucks
- Backside has 2 blackboards to announce changing menu, specials of the day
- Pretend play has several options to start a story, practice in oral and written language
Ostrich Puppet by Folkmanis
- Kids are drawn out using puppets, take on a persona, here an animal
- Facts of interest–3 pounds of rocks in his gut to grind her food–imagination going, start for story, twist and turn in the story builds language skills
- set up show and sell tickets
uKloo Riddle Edition Treasure Hunt Game (7-9 years old, $18)
- Newest addition to uKloo family of fun treasure hunt games that promote reading
- Agonizing time for some parents as their kids are learning to read
- Fun “If there is rain or snow or sleet, put these on to protect your feet,” (boots)
- Kids compose their own riddles, problem-solving and thinking
Paint a Tea Set by Galt ( 5 years and up, $13)
- Make-and -play toy provides a double opportunity for creativity as kids design the toy that becomes central to pretend play.
- After the paint dries, let the storytelling begin, preparing little ones for later reading and writing
- Invite dolls and teddy bears to the party
- Add paper and pencil and now it’s a store, adding pre-reading skills to the pretend play
Mon Premier Bebe Calin Maria by Corolle (18 months and up, $42) with Stroller and Diaper backpack sold separately
- First hispanic baby doll for mommies 18 months and older
- Cuddly soft bean bag body fits into a child’s arms so realistically
- Burping, hugging, changing and walking
- Kids learn from imitating their world
Fort Magic by Fort Magic LLC(51/2 and up, $200)
- Perfect name, durable
- Seen kids build castle, airplane, rocket
- Critical thinking, group collaboration, problem solving
- 165 straight and curved rods, tools to follow their imagination
- Great prop for pretend play
You need to get to know Tiggly, as they are developing fun learning apps for preschool and up. Two PAL Award winners, “Tiggly Cardtoons” and “Tiggly Shapes” which interact with the toy counting rods and shapes, “Tiggly Counts” and “Tiggly Shapes” respectively are full of language learning fun. Their latest app, Tiggly Cardtoons, has 25 mini -stories related to the number of dots counted out from 1-5 in each activity.
“Tiggly Counts” is an incredibly creative, yet simple beginning counting game that rewards counting 1-5 with the corresponding number of digital cardboard scraps that band together to form the characters and props for a story. Kids have the option to use the cool “Tiggly Counts”–rubberized counting rods, representing digits 1-5, to place on the iPad for interaction, or their fingers to drag and drop dots that count out and display the number. No prizes needed here. The reward is in the learning as the colored cardboard scraps move to form a dinosaur eating 4 leaves, 5 cute kittens rescued by a firetruck from the top of a building, or 4 flies atop a garbage truck that help the stuck load to dump–”Home smelly home,” as they disappear into a hole in the pile. Kids couldn’t get enough of this app and Tiggly has integrated the hands-on builds as well as a cute story to encourage fun learning. As kids get older they are increasingly required to tell the “how” and “why” of how they got their math answers so why not add the language learning starting at the preschool level? Best yet, the app is free or buy the counting toys to solidify number concepts. Note that Tiggly Cardtoons is the youngest in a series of 3 apps whose siblings,Tiggly Chef and Tiggly Addventure, combine numbers while cooking recipes and crossing bridges!
Available on iTunes. Click here